Competent packaging of a product is no less important than the product itself. In commodity science, a classification of packaging has been developed, based on various characteristics. Based on the purpose, the following types of packaging are distinguished: consumer, it is inseparable from the product before its use, is included in its cost;
transport, used to deliver a group of goods;
production, is necessary for the implementation of the production process and does not go to retail;
preservative, intended for long-term storage of objects.
In terms of composition, the container and auxiliary packaging are considered directly. A container is a closed or open case intended for placing a product in it. The auxiliary means are connecting, cushioning and sealing elements, labels, wrappers, and the like.
By application, the packaging is divided into primary (individual), secondary (group) and tertiary (transport). Primary packaging (container) is a packaging that is inseparable from the product until the moment of its consumption, protecting it from damage, and in which it is subject to retail trade.
Examples of primary packaging include a juice or milk bag, a perfume bottle, a medicine jar, a tube for cream or toothpaste, and so on.